A brother asked me to comment on this article (found here: http://justpaste.it/HizbutTahrir#_=_), and here is my response:
I try to not start responses with a negative remark, but I will make an exception this time. This is just a poorly researched, shallow analysis, and whoever wrote this should really learn to research topics more thoroughly. The fact that he is spreading so much misinformation should be enough of a reason to lose trust in his judgement on any Islamic matter until he proves that he has learned how to pass judgement after properly researching the topic at hand.
Before I mention his blatant mistakes in his description of our method, I will first explain the correct understanding:
The three stages of the method of Rasool Allah, according to Hizb ut Tahrir, are:
1- The private culturing phase (forming the group, and culturing the members, in preparation for…)
2- The interaction phase (intellectual struggle, political strife, and seeking Nusrah, in order to achieve…)
3- The implementation phase (immediate and total uprooting of Kufr system, full immediate implementation of Islam).
The author of the article miscategorized the three phases contrary to the Hizb books.
I will explain the three phases properly, in summary (as much of a summary as I can):
1- The Private Culturing phase: This is the phase where the group is formed when the group didn’t previously exist. The purpose of this phase is to build the body of da’wa carriers and culture them with proper Islamic culturing as well as give them a comprehensive understanding of the erroneous and unIslamic concepts exist in society (such as secularism, nationalism, etc), so that they are capable of addressing them with the people.
If this phase didn’t exist, that would mean the da’wa carriers would jump into society without any structure, without any proper Islamic culturing, and without any understanding of the Kufr concepts that fill society. In addition to this, they would face the oppression of the tyrants immediately without any backup members to continue the work if the public members are arrested or killed, and the da’wa would be wiped out very quickly.
Rasool Allah (saw) only moved from this phase into the second phase after there were enough well-cultured Sahaba to be able to handle the oppression and attacks of Quraysh, when Allah (swt) revealed the Ayah “So go forth (publicly) with what you have been commanded” [15:94], which brought the message of Islam into….
2- The Interaction Phase: This phase has three activities within it:
– The first activity is intellectual struggle, where after the members have been cultured properly with a deep understanding of the correct Islamic ideas and a deep understanding of the dominant unIslamic ideas, they now go publicly to carry these ideas to the people and work to change people’s perception of how to live their lives. Rasool Allah (saw) did this within Quraysh, and for 2 years within Madinah after he found the potential of Nusrah from them before moving there. Today, we undertake intellectual struggle wherever we are in order to affect people’s perception of the world so that they desire an Islamic lifestyle, not a Western one.
– The second activity is political strife, where the group works to expose the treachery, corruption, and the general impotence of the rulers. Allah (swt) attacked Abu Jahl, Abu Lahab, Al-Waleed, and others in the Qur’an, and Rasool Allah (saw) and the Sahaba (ra) undermined the authority of the rulers of the Quraysh constantly. The purpose of this area of work is to shatter people’s loyalty to the rulers, and make the masses desire better leadership. The Hizb has been undertaking this work since our inception. We have exposed the treachery of Jamal Abdul-Nasser, the Saudi tribe, the “kings” of Jordan, the dogs of Syria, the secular rulers of Pakistan, and so on. For decades prior to this, the Ummah has loved these rulers who rule with Kufr and represent the Jahiliyyah of nationalism, but the Ummah has come a long way, and now finally desires a ruler who rules with Islam and Islam alone.
– The third activity is seeking Nusrah (the author of the article miscategorised this as a separate phase), where the group seeks the people of authority (usually an army) that has complete control over their region, and seeks their support so that they become the military protection of the Islamic State. Rasool Allah (saw) met with many of the tribes of the Arabian Peninsula and sought Nusrah from them (I detail this point further later in this reply). Most of the tribes rejected him (saw) very harshly, and others accepted but had conditions. Those that had conditions were rejected by Rasool Allah (saw), because Islamic rule allows zero exceptions and zero conditions; either all of Islam is implemented, or we refuse to accept the offer. The Hadith that outlines this can be found here (it’s in Arabic, very long Hadith):http://www.dorar.net/hadith?skeys=%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%84&rawi%5B%5D=7500&xclude=. The Hizb seeks the armies of the Muslim lands to achieve this objective, because they are our brothers and fathers and uncles. They are our Ummah, and they are being held hostage through fear and threats. We continue seeking Nusrah from them until Allah (swt) opens someone’s heart and the Ansar of our generation will inshaAllah be born.
3- The implementation Phase: This is a critical phase. The people must want Islam, the army must be ready to sacrifice everything for Islam, and the leadership must be capable of implementing only Islam and implement it immediately. Absolutely no gradual implementation is allowed. The old Kufr system must be entirely uprooted, with all its economic contracts, systems, departments, and everything else, and fully replaced by only the Islamic systems. Any compromise here can lead to the collapse of the system (and the displeasure of Allah), since Islam is designed to work as a perfectly balanced ecosystem of laws designed by the Creator of the universe; if you neglect one area of the implementation of Islam, the system starts to deteriorate, as we clearly saw over the centuries of the Khilafah.
This is a basic summary of the method of Rasool Allah (saw).
As for the (mis)categorizations of the author of the article, he used:
1- Secret education: He doesn’t seem to understand the purpose of this phase. Rasool Allah (saw) started by calling people privately to Islam, because the Sahaba was not initially large enough in number to be able to handle the losses that they would face due to torture and killing by Quraysh.
As for modern times, the Muslim lands back in the 1950s were extremely dangerous places for da’wa carriers (things are better today, but not by much), and the purpose of this phase is to build the numbers of the da’wa carriers and to culture them so they can handle the discussions with the people as well as handle the losses due to oppression.
This phase is most definitely found in the Seerah, and we all know about how the Sahaba who studied in Dar Al-Arqam bin Abi Al-Arqam did so while hidden and unknown to Quraysh until the Ayah was revealed “Go forth (publicly) with what you have been commanded, and turn away from the Mushrikeen” [15:94].
The author mentioning that this Deen is protected and that nothing will harm us except what Allah (swt) has written for us, and so on, is unrelated to this issue. Yes, Allah (swt) protects the believers, but that doesn’t mean we ignore the world around us (example: why did Rasool Allah -saw- put Ali -ra- in his bed before making his Hijrah? Why did he -saw- take a rarely-used path to Madinah? We need to take the reality around us into account, and prepare ourselves properly for the oppression of the oppressors). As Rasool Allah (saw) taught us “Tie it (the camel) and put your trust in Allah” [Tirmithi]. Islam gave us a method to form and culture a group privately (as Rasool Allah did with the Sahaba), in order to prepare ourselves to face the oppression of the tyrants and the attacks of those among the masses who are intoxicated by status quo.
2- Intellectual Interaction: I find it odd that in the first point he says “a secret education that HT calls for is not the correct path” and then in this second point he says “This verse (15:94) makes it clear that a change occurred in the time of the Prophet (pbuh), the call for Tawheed was no longer to be made secretly, rather it had to be made publicly.” So he admits that there was a secret phase, but then contradicts himself by saying that a secret da’wa is wrong.
He also mentions that the call during this phase was for only for Tawheed, where he says “Muhammad (pbuh’s) da’wa was exclusively calling towards Tawheed without speaking about Islam as a whole system.” Although it is true that Tawheed was the foundation of the call of Islam, that was not the only topic Rasool Allah (saw) discussed in Makkah. What about the Ayat about trade: “Woe to those who deal unjustly in the marketplace” [83:1] or the Ayat about social injustice: “And if the female (infant) buried alive is questioned, for which sin was she killed?” [81:8-9] or the Ayat about the corrupt leadership of Quraysh, referring to Al-Waleed ibn Al-Mugheerah: “And do not obey (the one) who swears much, who is considered worthless, a slanderer, who goes about with defamation, a hinderer of good, a transgressor, sinful, cruel, and, after all that, a child born of fornication.” [68:10-13], all of which were revealed in Makkah. Are these Ayat teaching Tawheed exclusively and not talking about Islam as a way of life and about Islamic leadership as the only good leadership? Obviously not. Tawheed is one topic in Islam – and it is the foundation of Islam that everything is built on – but is not the only topic in Islam and not the only topic Rasool Allah (saw) discussed in Makkah.
The correct way of looking at this is that Rasool Allah (saw) called the society of Quraysh and the Arabian tribes in the peninsula to the Islamic way of life and to Islamic political leadership, with all its societal solutions and concepts, based on Tawheed, and did not only discuss the sole topic of Tawheed with them and nothing else.
The author then made a statement that really irritated me, where he said “The reason for this is because Tawheed is not part of their method.” Really? So, is Shirk part of our method? Do we teach our members to worship other than Allah (swt)?
Every single person who joins the Hizb, whether a scholar or a new convert, must start from the first book in our structured Halqa, and the very first chapter is “The Path to Iman,” where we discuss the meaning of Iman, the basis of the Islamic Aqeeda, the foundation of Tawheed, the proof of the existence of Allah (swt), the proof for the need for messengers, the proof of the authenticity of the Qur’an, and the basis for Ibadah entirely. The second chapter is “Al-Qadaa wal Qadar,” where we discuss the foundation of Tawakkul on Allah (swt). And so on.
This type of slander is typical of people who take their information from quick internet searches, and just rush to reach slanderous conclusions due to their impatience, lack of knowledge, and lack of scholarly conduct.
A good and true scholar will research their topics extensively and exhaustively. They make sure that their conclusions are properly researched, because they understand the Ayah “And do not delve into that which you have no knowledge. Truly, you hearing, your sight and your heart (or speech), each of these will be held responsible before your Lord” [17:36]. This author clearly couldn’t even be bothered to read the most basic of our books. Had he done so, he would not have made such an ignorant and blatantly incorrect statement.
3- Seeking assistance (Nusrah): As mentioned previously, this is not part of the third phase, it is part of the second phase, and he entirely missed a major part of the second phase as well (political strife). Anyways, moving on…
And as expected, the regurgitation of the same old lies that were spread throughout the internet is found in this piece of writing. Why does this not surprise me? We did not seek Nusrah from Qaddafi. This point alone is enough to prove that the author is incompetent in his research and unreliable in his conclusions. The Hizb did something that no one else had the courage to do: We accounted Qaddafi for what he wrote in his Green Book of Kufr. A delegation from Hizb ut Tahrir met him to explain that what he wrote contradicted the Qur’an, and we advised him to edit the book to comply with the teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah. He executed the entire delegation in public. Those pure men were courageous heroes that we should all admire and use as role models, may Allah (swt) accept them as the Masters of the Shuhadaa, as Rasool Allah (saw) said “The Master of Martyrs is Hamza, and a man who stood up to a tyrant ruler and ordered him (to do good) and forbade him (from doing evil), and was therefore killed (by the tyrant)” [Al-Haakim].
As for Khomeini, the Hizb accounts all rulers who claim to be Islamic rulers, regardless of whether people think he is a Kafir or not. We did not seek Nusrah from him, rather we went to account him for his lies against Islam and against the concept of Islamic rule. He claimed to be leading an Islamic revolution, and we met him – as we met Qaddafi – to account him and prove to him that his constitution was unIslamic. He heard us, he rejected our advice, and the delegation was made to leave. On the Day of Judgement, we can say both he and anyone who followed him had no excuse, as we proved decisively that he was a traitor and a liar. How many people in the Ummah can claim that they have the courage and honor of directly accounting all rulers?
As for seeking Nusrah, which has nothing to do with our accounting Qaddafi, Khomeini, or even when we met with the Taliban to account them for their shortcomings with regard to their Islamic emirate, the Hizb conducts itself exactly as Rasool Allah (saw) taught us. As mentioned in the Hadith I linked above (here it is again:http://www.dorar.net/hadith?skeys=%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%84&rawi%5B%5D=7500&xclude=), Rasool Allah (saw) met with the tribes of Bani Shaybaan, Bani Haneefah, Thaqeef (Taa’if), Kindah, and many others. As you can read in the Hadith, Abu Bakr (ra) and Ali (ra) would first check their military might and their dominance over their lands. After they confirmed that they met the standards required, they would present Rasool Allah (saw) to call them to Islam, and to become the Nusrah of this Deen. Most tribes rejected, and some accepted with conditions. An interesting example in the narration is Bani Shaybaan, who accepted Islam and accepted to become the Nusrah for Islam, but said that they cannot cause the Persians any troubles. Keep in mind that this is moments after they had just accepted Islam. Rasool Allah (saw) rejected their offer, because Islam does not allow any gradualism. Either you accept the full implementation of Islam, or we do not need your Nusrah.
As for the Hizb today, we seek those in authority over the armies in the Muslim lands who have full control of their land, and call them to become the Nusrah of this call. Our work for change is directed in the Muslim lands alone (although the da’wa is everywhere since Muslims live in every country on earth), and therefore we only call Muslims to give Nusrah to this call. If some people in this Ummah believe that the armies of the Ummah are Kafir, that is not our problem, that is their misunderstanding of this issue. We believe that the armies in the Muslim lands are our brothers in Islam and we call them to support their Deen with us. We do not follow an ignorant and arrogant Takfeeri approach with our Ummah.
As for the topic of Fard Kifaayah and Fard Ayn mentioned by the author, I will keep it simple. If a Fard Kifaayah (communal obligation) has a time limit, and that time limit is finished, then everyone who knows about this Fard must help complete the obligation or they will be sinful. The time limit for the re-establishment of the Khilafah is 3 days, as shown in the Ahadith regarding the death of Rasool Allah (saw) where they did not bury him for 3 days, as well as the narration of the death of Umar (ra) where he gave the nominees 3 days to decide or be killed, and the Sahaba (ra) unanimously agreed, which is Ijmaa’ As-Sahaba (see Seerat Ibn Hishaam or Tareekh Al-Tabari for references).
Therefore, the Fard to re-establish the Khilafah is far past the 3 day time limit, and therefore the entire Ummah must rise to the task and work to complete this Fard, or they will be sinful.
May Allah (swt) teach the members of our Ummah to research things properly before issuing statements or producing literature that might cause us embarrassment in this Dunya and possibly humiliation in the Akhirah. May Allah (swt) protect us all.
By Mazin Abdul-Adhim
(Originally from a comment/post on Facebook)